Worldwide Network and Outdoor Pop-Up Workspaces with Enhanced Filtration and Air Cleaning Systems for Remote Workers and Students

Transcript Excerpt

MAHESH: 

Perfect, seems like everyone is starting to come in now. Hello everyone, thank you for coming out for today’s speaker presentation. My name is Mahesh and I’ll be your main host today. Just a general comment, please leave any questions you may have for the end of the presentation by utilizing the Q&A function and I guess we will do our best to answer it. Today’s talk will be featuring Miss Esra Karagoz who’s the founder of One Globe Architect. Esra is a creative professional, licensed and register architect in New York and Turkey. She has many years of experience having expert knowledge of smart cities and buildings, sustainable building design and construction, wellness driven design, and building information modeling. Having experience in various markets from aviation, corporate office, luxury retail to hospitality, Esra provides artistic, innovative evidence based, and data driven data design solutions for a broad range of building types of different skills. And with that being said I would like to pass it on to Miss Esra who will begin her presentation.  

ESRA

Okay, hello. Today I will present you the WorkOut design proposal. [unintelligible] short-listed here. It’s called WorkOut hope, imagination, pure joy & passion future of remote & hybrid work. Already introduced myself… So I will talk about what’s WorkOut and who will use it. It’s a  been working, outdoor space, how this system works. WorkOut is a pop-up workspace. It’s located at parks, open spaces, rooftops, university campuses, and any available locations. It’s a worldwide network, focusing on healthy living and innovation. It’s an online platform to locate outdoor shared workspace for individual or group work within walking distance to home. Users are remote workers, students, freelancers, sole practioners, basically everyone. It’s used for inspiration, socialization, occasional change of atmosphere, work collaborations, and focus work.  

Let’s talk about the future of work. There are many discussions about what the future holds. But let’s just look at the numbers and the survey. This is a survey from May and looks like regular work-at-home has grown 173% since 2007… uh 2005. And 98% of people would like to work remotely, at least some of the time. 80% of remote workers primarily work from home. And remote workers prefer to work remotely more than 76% of their time. And 74% of CFOs consider reducing office space since employees are adapted to work from home. 68% of remote workers are very successful working from home. And 72% have access to everything they need. 81% of employees are satisfied with the tools and the technologies. 70% of leaders say working from home is the same or better for the team’s performance. 77% fully productive working from home. And there are… there is also… 582 entrepreneurs in the world, in 2020.  There are many people who are working from home and from a very small space, usually.  

And then… why do I think that remote work will not die after the pandemic? Because leadership would want to keep it, to resolve organization agility to respond to future pandemics. And technological innovations including cloud-based applications, screen-sharing tools, sharing platforms, web-conferences enable us to work from home. Made us ready for the future. Smaller office spaces is the cost reduction strategy for companies. And reduced commuting and carbon footprint is also an important factor. Spending more time with family and pets. Flexibility and autonomy. Saving money on car maintenance, transportation, lunch, clothing. Healthier eating. More exercise opportunity. Less interruptions at home compared to office or office spaces.  

Work from home, this is a recent survey. So it was, at first we thought, that flexibility thing was perfect but then, we learned that people are burned out. 62% of them are burned out. And 89% have decline of work-life balance. And declined well-being, 85%. And increased job demands is 56%. There are more meetings, unsustainable workload, increased levels of screen time, increased sedentary lifestyle, increased stress levels, additional time spent with online happy hours which ended up being a burden to whom prepares the online activities and the participant who would otherwise have a chance to choose how to spend their free time, and presumably a 24-hour available workforce.  

What’s missing at home? Social aspect of working at the office, change of atmosphere, random encounter with people, and keeping work and private life separate. How to overcome burnout? Well you need to have self-care and you need to connect with nature, connection to people other than co-workers, doing nothing productive occasionally is very important. Dedicating time to hobbies to discover ourselves. Basically you should step outside, socialize, meet diverse type of people, allow ourselves to daydream more, focus on creativity rather than labor hours, and find joy in life and at work. I think it’s most important. 

Consequences of stress.. why, why are we talking about that? Because it’s affecting economically, that’s why there are all kinds of design strategies that have emerged since 2017 and became effective in the U.S. And the consequences of stress are heart disease, immunosuppression, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disorder, and skin conditions such as acne and psoriasis. And these are from Well Building Standards that are performance-based system for measuring and certifying and monitoring features of the built environment that impact human health and wellbeing, through air, water, nourishment, light, fitness, comfort, and mind. So according to them, in 2010, 184 million disability-adjusted life and 8.6 million years of life lost to premature mortality. Over 175 million years lived with disability worldwide. Life expectancy with mental illness is minimum 10 year shorter. And 14% or 8 million deaths each year are attributable to mental disorder.  

So, thinking about all this, I thought it should be… maybe we should while accomplishing daily work-related goals, we can step outside for human-nature interaction, random human interactions, change of atmosphere and perception, and co-working and networking with other members, socialization and exercise. So both can be [unintelligible] with the pop-up work space. And the design of the pop-up work space, should also consider that you be outside and it should fit with the environment. You should feel that you are not in a box, contained in a box. So it would actually reduce stress levels, boost positive feelings, and support the nervous system.  

Connection to nature, as I said, It’s the biophilia hypothesis gained more popularity recently than before. There’s actually a book from 1984 but, recently, since being inside there’s been a huge concern. We started talking about biophilia and implementing it in our design processes. Biophilia suggests that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life. Basically, we feel happy with life like pets and trees and other creatures, and  that’s what it says.  

So the other thing is change of atmosphere. Obviously, one wants to work at workspaces. We have to commute, and maybe we have to … afterwards. Or there is a change of atmosphere. But if you work from home, there is, right now, there is lockdown, but even if there is no lockdown, it’s really hard to not to work. It’s just you can continue to work from anywhere, especially if you are doing your own business. There’s other ways to work, go out to third spaces, go to cafes, co-working spaces, if it is nearby, but most co-working spaces are not near for ease of use. [unintelligible] but if it’s not close. So change of atmosphere, what it does, it enhances creativity by change of perception. Makes a space for random encounters with others and it enables physical movement.   

Supporting research, as I mentioned earlier, it’s a challenge. According to Fitwel, we can optimize our working from home, health, while working from home is connecting with nature. It can reduce stress, the same thing, enhances mental health, increase comfort level. Prioritize daylight. Have a window access to daylight, step outside a few times each day. Build in regular activity, decrease sedentary time. Regular walks during work hours, promotes feelings of well-being. If you do this, I used to, actually, go out  for lunch and have a short walk, it really changes the entire rest of the day. It enhances mental health, improves enthusiasm and relaxation, and reduces nervousness. Now usually incorporate more physical throughout the day, to a standing desk, to take a stroll during conference calls, mini-breaks, online workouts, gardening. Also shading options are most important, because of the glare issue. It can increase comfort levels and also enhanced mental health. It affects how you sleep at night. And also it should establish cleaning schedule.  

How does pop-up workspace work? It’s an online platform, integrated smart city applications and algorithm zoning. It’s basically a platform to extract data to be used later to find out what we need and so we can discuss zoning issues with the government and municipality. It’s also a physical space, access, hygiene, comfort, program related issues, and sustainability and wellness features, integrated into it’s design.  

Online platform it’s an instantly available information with smart application using open, city-wide databases and platforms. So it should be connected with the other systems. Available outdoor workspace within walking distance, so that’s the main one. You should have a park or a rooftop or an amiable space, open space, within walking distance or biking distance that you can use for an hour of work or you can work for an entire day. An anonymized user profiles and feedbacks are available at the outdoor workspace, so with this information, what do we get? We get itemized providers, who are they and their feedbacks. It addresses problems and changing needs at the pop-up space. This is a temporary structure, it can move around, there can be more, if you need more, it can be 3D printed, and you can just move them, to a new location. So it addresses this problem and we can solve it in a few weeks. Provides networking opportunities to users because if you are, if the user wants to share their profile, then you would know what type of people are working there, maybe they have similar interests, and you want to encounter this. It’s a city-wide data collection can provide about workspace need. This data can be used to create algorithmic zoning responding to changing conditions with users’ active participation. In this way, rather than addressing a particular goal such as finding an outdoor pop-up workspace, city-wide platforms can have an overarching smart city vision of improving citizens’ quality of life. That’s why it should be integrated and open. Interior surface definition status of available workspaces within walking distance. Again, you should know if it is available, if it is clean, and that there is an available space near you via smartphone notification. 

This is a physical space, it is contactless and touchless room controls. Smartphone application as a digital key for pop-up workspaces, like for hotels. Especially moving forward, you will see this type of application in different spaces. Smartphone applications for entry, payments, reservation, and locating available spaces can be used.  

For the physical space, hygiene, again, another important thing, surface disinfection and airborne disinfection. We should take care of these two. A temperature assessment device at entry points. For the surface disinfection there are robotic germ-killing electrostatic spraying and ultraviolet light exposure. That’s how we can disinfect the surfaces. There are worksurfaces that staff can clean. So there are other options that we can use, later on. Airborne disinfection can be reduced. Increased ventilation before it’s occupied. Switching between natural ventilation to mechanical ventilation according to needs. HEPA filters. UVGI cleaners embedded into structures. Maintaining humidity levels between 40 to 60&. These are from HEPA. Surface and airborne disinfection status will be available online, as I said already.  

And comfort. Sensor-operated lighting responsive to daylight and occupancy to dim and switch off lights automatically. These are the building general building standards that should be used in the pop-up spaces too, it might apply to them. Variable opacity glazing with electrochromic glass meant to reduce transmissivity by a minimum of 90%. It’s to prevent glare and comfort. Smart shades, there are smart shades. External automated shading with manual override to prevent glare and optimize the view. Airborne disinfection, we talked about it before.  

For comfort, smart shades, these are the smart shades, it moves around outside, it’s connected to mobile applications. As I said, smart temperature and humidity sensors can also be overridden by phone applications. Also, robotic features: automated sliding and folding desks, you see from here, door and partitions to minimize the footprint. Basically has a door and you can enter it but then, the whole space is yours. Basically provides a larger spacer, larger and wider space to work in. you don’t have to dedicate a space for circulation or anything. So it can be flexible to multiple users. 

Sustainability features. FSC certified wood use, harvested from forests that are responsibly managed, socially beneficial, environmentally conscious, and economically viable. Supporting biodiversity with green walls, you see drip-irrigated and harvested with rainwater from the bottom and it feeds the green wall. It can also function as a bike-rack. And the autonomous energy harvesting with transparent thin-film photovoltaic cells applied to shades and glass to produce electricity for module, and these are more new technologies, but there is also ample other new technologies, like you can harvest daylight from shaded places right now. It’s nuts. It’s available right now but yeah. Some of these things are already in use. And they can transplant space and surfaces. So we don’t have to have, we don’t have to have large panels, solar panels. And waterless toilets and a coffee shop module, so there are different types of modules, obviously once you have this type of workspace, you might need to eat, and according to LDR, if it’s in the middle of the city, there are various spaces and take out, but if it isn’t we need to provide a small café and bathroom. So it’s the program that we need to consider, according to feedbacks from the users, and then we can change it to needed. Waterless toilets and a coffee shop module with biofilters converting waste to energy and fertilizer. So it’s basically self-sustainable system. Doesn’t provide… we don’t need electricity or power, so it produced it’s own electricity and it converts it’s waste into energy.  

Flexibility and adaptability. So it’s a flexible design, so it’s basically flexible to new function, as I mentioned, such as cafes and bathrooms, as needed. And adaptable to different locations in parks, open spaces, rooftops, co-living buildings, university campuses, innovation centers, recreation areas around the world. Each module can be rented for a period from an hour to an entire day. Two or three modules can be rented for a meeting or group work.  

So, this is my presentation, if you have questions, you can ask them.  

MAHESH: 

Okay so it seems like there aren’t any questions at the moment. Thank you so much Esra, you know, for presenting and showcasing your expertise and taking the time out of your day to come speak to us. After this hour has ended, you may notice a short survey that will appear on your screen, so if you could please fill that out, that would be greatly appreciated. And that being said, this concludes the webinar, and thank you again Esra for today and we hope you have an amazing day.  

ESRA: 

Okay, thank you.  

MAHESH: 

Bye bye. 

ESRA: 

Mhmm, bye. 

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