Semi & Micro
An embedded processor with memory and I/O that has been reduced down for use in extremely specialized activities is known as a microcontroller. Additionally, they are typically the preferred processing component in IoT devices like smart slippers that can detect when a person has fallen.
The microcontroller unit (MCU) is designed to be a low-cost, high-performance processor that can be tailored to a particular application. But several of these gadgets have also improved significantly in capability over the past few years, making it harder to define just what a microcontroller is. Additionally, it could have wireless connectivity built in rather than relying on wireless technology that is already included in a SoC or other bigger device.
The need for ever-smaller, more potent semiconductors was formerly driven by the smartphone sector, but IoT goods have increased that demand even more. IoT applications typically need the tiniest microcontrollers to be integrated into compact circuits. It could be necessary to switch out the silicon that serves as the foundation of integrated circuits for a new kind of semiconductor, such gallium-arsenide. The usage of a high-density connection board, which would enable the insertion of more components on both sides of the printed circuit board while positioning them closer together, may be the most likely solution to IoT size limitations. Multichip modules and 3-D integrated circuits, which increase the number of circuits that may link on a single die or in stacked designs, are further space-saving technologies.
Though few contest the IoT’s impending domination of the semiconductor market, not all businesses are concentrating their R&D efforts in this area. The use of technology is a part of the issue. Previously, a semiconductor manufacturer could create integrated circuits and sensors that would function in a variety of goods and could anticipate a market for such items. IoT devices frequently have unique requirements, creating niche markets and poor sales. Many semiconductor firms are reluctant to make significant investments in the IoT’s future due to these factors.