The phrase “AgriTech” or “Agricultural Technology” refers to the application of technical advancements in agriculture to boost productivity, efficiency, and profitability. This involves harvesting, crop modification to grow well in various conditions, and speedier planting, all made possible by technology. In order to address the issues that the agriculture sector is
facing, it may also involve the use of robotics, big data, AI, or other techniques. The agriculture sector faces several difficulties, the most of which have a large influence on the planet’s future. These include resource depletion, climate change, long-term planning, and rising carbon footprint.
Artificial fertilizers, herbicides, and insecticides have a significant negative impact on soil fertility in agriculture. This causes the soil to deteriorate in quality and slow development, both of which require additional fertilizer, pesticides, and insecticides to correct. Additionally, the use of synthetics contaminates the neighboring water supplies. As a result of the rapid reclamation of land from forests required for intensive agriculture, the amount of forest cover is reduced as greenhouse gas output rises, producing climate change and an increase in temperature. The global growth and harvesting of plants and crops are also impacted by the change in climate and temperature, in addition to how it impacts us. Many pieces of equipment used in agriculture need additional resources to build and operate, such as metal for the parts and petroleum for the fuel. Instead of assisting in reducing environmental harm, this ultimately adds up to be a greater source of it. Agricultural trash and byproducts are abundant. Consider organic farming, which is supposed to benefit the ecology and produce healthier plants. However, because it requires more area than conventional agricultural practices, it contributes to the phenomenon of rising temperatures and climate change. As a result, farmers all over the world are obliged to either become more efficient or stick to old-fashioned agricultural practices that are ultimately bad for the environment. In order to feed the expanding population, agricultural production is increased as a result of population growth. In turn, this causes non-agricultural areas, including forests, to be turned into agricultural land. Reclaiming forest land results in a decrease in the biodiversity of that region, which has an impact on the flora and fauna.
Utilizing cutting-edge Internet of things technology, agritech is utilized to create cutting-edge software that can track and deliver precise information about the weather, soil quality, and current state. By giving farmers quick information on their crops and fields, IoT technologies are utilized in the agricultural sector to optimize farming without depleting their resources and time. The data may be used to improve farming, but it can also be used to inform other decisions, such as how to store and convey the produce. Agriculture logistics may be hit or miss. Most of the time, customers are unable to determine the provenance of the fruits and vegetables they purchase. Agritech businesses and entrepreneurs work to develop the use
of big data and blockchain in the agriculture industry to address this issue.